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008: Sitting Down

Today we learn a something epic and huge. That is verbs. Verbs are the most important part of the Japanese sentence alongside the predicate. That is because everything in the Japanese sentence is organized around whatever is at the and of the sentence. Which in Japanese is the predicate or a verb. Verb in Japanese can be kind tricky. So in order to appropriately understand them and not get unnecessarily confused, we will first discuss the three different types of verbs before we talk about conjugation and all the other things that verbs do.

 

In Japanese there are three types of verbs. Ichidan, Godan (also called Yodan) and exception verbs. Unlike many other languages, Japanese does not have many exception verbs, which makes things really nice. It’s important to understand that the three unique verb types now so we can learn how to conjugate them later. 

 

While some grammarians and old-time teachers will often over complicate this the easiest way to differentiate the two types is to spell the verbs out in romanized letters (IE; ABC.) All Ichidan verbs are verbs that end in “ERU” or “IRU” it is that simple. All other verbs are Godan verbs. Period. 

 

Look at the verbs below and identify which are Ichidan verbs and Which are Godan verbs. The answers will be listed under the last frame of the comic. 

 

  1. suwaru すわる
  2. naru なる
  3. wakaru わかる
  4. taberu たべる
  5. neru ねる
  6. okiru おきる
  7. hanasu はなす
  8. morau もらう
  9. ageru あげる
  10. ganbaru がんばる 

 

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リビング – Living Room

に – Directional Particle

来て(くる=きて) – To Come 

座り(すわる=すわり) – To Sit

なさい – Command Suffix

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 お母さん(おかあさん) – Mom

具合(ぐあい) – Condition

が – Subject Marker

益々(ますます) – Steadily

悪く(わるく) – Badly

なっている – Becoming

 

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何(なに) – What

原因(げんいん) – Origin

なのか – Whatever it is

よく – Very

分からない(わかる+B1ない) – Don’t Understand

んだ – Indicates Explanation

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だから – Which is why/Hence

お前たち(おまえたち) – You (plural)

には – You too

もっと – More

母さん(かあさん) – Mom

の – Connective Particle

手伝い(てつだい) – Help/Assistance

を – Object Marker

して(する) – To Verb

もらえないといけない – Must Give

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 家事(かじ) – Chores

の – Connective Particle

手伝い(てつだい) – Help/Assistance

や – And (Non limiting)

母さん(かあさん) – Mom

と – Quotative Particle

よく – Very

話す(はなす) – To Speak

こと – Intangible object

も – Redundant Particle

含めて(ふくめる=ふくめて) – To Include

ね – Isn’t it

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 心配する(しんぱいする) – To Worry

なくていい (ない+BTE=なくて+いい ) – To not it ok.

わ – ! (feminine)

よ – !

あんた達(あなたたち) – You (Plural)

お母さん(おかあさん) – Mom

は – Topic Marker

大丈夫 – OK

だから – Hence/Which is Why

 

早く(はやく) – Fast

よくなる – Get Better

ために – In order To

頑張る(がんばる)  – To one’s best

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もちろん – of course

私(わたし) – I

何でも(なんでも) – Whatever

手伝う(てつだう) – Help/Assistance

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お母さん(おかあさん) – Mom

僕(ぼく) – I

も  – Redundant Particle

何でも(なんでも)  – Whatever

手伝う(てつだう)- Help/Assistance

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suwaru すわる – To Sit (Godan) 

naru なる – To Become (Godan)

wakaru わかる – To Understand (Godan)

taberu たべる – To Eat (Ichidan)

neru ねる – To Sleep (Ichidan)

okiru おきる – To Awake (Ichidan)

hanasu はなす – To Speak (Godan)

morau もらう – To receive (Godan)

ageru あげる – To Give (Ichidan)

ganbaru がんばる – To do one’s best (Godan)