014: Don’t Fail

More verbs. Now that you know how to spot Ichidan, Godan and Exception verbs let’s get back into conjugation. 

 

As a reminder here is the list of bases: 

Base 1: a/あ

Base 2: i/い

Base 3: u/う

Base 4: e/え

Base 5: ou *long sound おう 

 

Here are some basic examples with each verb type as they conjugate slightly differently. 

Godan Verbs: nomu – to drink

Nomu in Base 1 = noma のま

Nomu in Base 2 = nomi のみ

Nomu in Base 3 = nomu のむ

Nomu in Base 4 = nome のめ

Nomu in Base 5 = nomou のもう 

 

However there are two other bases that are kinda hard to memorize and can be kinda confusing unless you see them in from of you. We call them Base TE and Base TA. These two bases are difficult because they get all phonetical when interacting with Godan verbs.

 

With Ichidan verbs you simply remove the る and replace it with て. That easy.

Deru でる (To Leave) – Dete でて

Okiru おきる (To Awake) – Okite おきて

Neru ねる (To Sleep) – Nete ねて 

 

The next base is called Base Ta – also called Base 7. 

With Ichidan verbs you simply remove the る and replace it with た. Yep, super simple.

Deru でる (To Leave) – Deta でた

Okiru おきる (To Awake) – Okita おきた

Neru ねる (To Sleep) – Neta ねた  

 

Now the Godan verbs. Instead of just adding Te/Ta onto the end, you have to change more of the form of the word, depending on the last Hiragana symbol in the word. 

 

If the verb ends with: BU, MU, or NU = Base Te conjugates into NDE/NDA

Yobu (よぶ) Yonde (よんで/よんだ) – To Call

Nomu (のむ) Nonde (のんで/のんだ) – To Drink

Shinu (しぬ) Shinde (しんで/しんだ) – To Die 

 

If the verb ends with: U, RU, TSU = Base Te conjugates into TTE/TTA

Kau (かう) Katte (かって/かった) – To Buy

Noru (のる) Notte (のって/のった) – To Ride

Tatsu (たつ) Tatte (たって/たった)) – To Stand 

 

If the verb ends with: KU = Base Te conjugates into ITE

Kaku (かく) Kaite (かいて/かいた) – To Write 

 

If the verb ends with GU = Base Te conjugates into IDE 

Oyogu (およぐ) Oyoide (およいで/およいだ) – To Swim 

 

 

 

 

 

勉強(べんきょう)- Styudy

して(BTEする)- To Do

いる – To Exist

か – ?

 うん – ya

本当(ほんとう)- Really

か – ?

本当(ほんとう) – Really

だった(だPast)- Predicate

ば – 

一生懸命(いっしょうけんめい) – Really Hard (with all one’s might)

勉強(べんきょう) – To Study

して(BTEする) – To Do

[い]る – To exist

よ – !

当たり前(あたりまえ) – You better me (This phrase has various meanings)

だ – Predicate

次(つぎ) – Next

の – Connecting Particle

テスト – Test

は – Topic Marker

絶対に(ぜったい) – Without a 

落とせない(B2おとせる+ない) – Fail (negative)

から – Because

な – Inflective [as if making a statement]

 

放課(ほうか)- End of class

後(ご) – After

ゲーセン – Game Center/Arcade

に – Directional Particle

いく – To go

けど – But

来る(くる) – To come 

行けない(B1いく+ない) – To Go (negative) 

勉強(べんきょう) – (Study)

しない(B1する+ない) – To Do (negative)

と – Quotative

いけない – Must

んだ – Indicates an explination

 まじで – No way

お前(まえ) – You (informal)

ずっと – All the time

勉強(べんきょう)

して(BTEする) – To Do

[い]る – To exist

な – Statement

うん – yeah

しない(B1する+ない) – To Verb (negative)

やばい – Really bad

んだ – Indicates Explanation

よ – !

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