The Final Bases
Let's finish learning the conjugation tables. Yesterday we learned the first 5 bases. Those tend to be easy and follow a simple stream of logic. The other two bases tend to require a little more forced memorization. Luckily, once we get today's grammar point down you will be able to make full fledged Japanese sentences, and from there you can start diving into the depths of the Japanese language.
The first of the last 2 bases is called Base Te - also called Base 6.
With Ichidan verbs you simply remove the る and replace it with て. That easy.
Deru でる (To Leave) - Dete でて
Okiru おきる (To Awake) - Okite おきて
Neru ねる (To Sleep) - Nete ねて
The next base is called Base Ta - also called Base 7. With Ichidan verbs you simply remove the る and replace it with た. Yep, super simple.
Deru でる (To Leave) - Deta でた
Okiru おきる (To Awake) - Okita おきた
Neru ねる (To Sleep) - Neta ねた
Godan Verbs on the other hand are a little bit more touchy.
Instead of just adding Te onto the end, you have to change more of the form of the word, depending on the last Hiragana symbol in the word.
If the verb ends with: BU, MU, or NU = Base Te conjugates into NDE
Yobu (よぶ) Yonde (よんで) – To Call
Nomu (のむ) Nonde (のんで) – To Drink
If the verb ends with: U, RU, TSU = Base Te conjugates into TTE
Kau (かう) Katte (かって) – To Buy
Noru (のる) Notte (のって) – To Ride
Tatsu (たつ) Tatte (たって) – To Stand
If the verb ends with: KU = Base Te conjugates into ITE
Kaku (かく) Kaite (かいて) – To Write
If the verb ends with GU = Base Te conjugates into IDE
Oyogu (およぐ) Oyoide (およいで) – To Swim
Now for Base 7. You may notice that instead of Te it is simply Ta, and that Nde is simply Nda. Which does make it quite a bit simpler. So if you learn one, you are really learning both.
If the verb ends with BU, MU, or NU = Base Ta conjugates into NDA
Yobu (よぶ) Yonda (よんだ) – To Call
Nomu (のむ) Nonda (のんだ) – To Drink
Shinu (しぬ) Shinda (しんだ) – To Die
If the verb ends with U, RU, TSU = Base Ta conjugates into TTA
Kau (かう) Katta (かった) – To Buy
Noru (のる) Notta (のった) – To Ride
Tatsu (たつ) Tatta (たった) – To Stand
If the verb ends with KU = Base Ta conjugates into ITA
Kaku (かく) Kaita (かいた) – To Write
If the verb ends with GU = Base Ta conjugates into IDA
Oyogu (およぐ) Oyoda (およいだ) – To Swim
This may be a little hard to memorize at first. In order to really get this down, we recommend writing all of the verbs that we have given you down and then conjugating each of them into all their conjugated forms. This may take some time, and that's okay. If you take the necessary time to learn them now, it'll help you out like crazy later down the road. If you memorize all of the bases and how to conjugate them now, you'll be able to apply these rules to any verb you learn from here on out.
Improve your Japanese faster with the 30 Day Challenge Field Guide.
Now that you know all the bases, or are at least familiar with them, Japanese will become quite a bit easier. For example, you will be able to say a lot more with the basic vocabulary you know. At this point, you should feel very proud of yourself. By completing this day's lesson you are 1/3 of the way there and the hardest part is over. We will warn you however, most people give up after day 13, so if you can just make it four more days you will be doing better than the majority of those attempting the 30 day challenge!
You can do this! Remember that you grow the most when you push yourself and one more day is going to make you much better at Japanese one day at a time.