Day Eight: Godan Verbs

The Other Verbs

While they may initially seem complicated, Godan verbs are the easiest verbs to identify. Just follow this simple rule:

 

If it is not a Ichidan verb, it’s a Godan verb.

 

It’s that easy. Just remember that all Ichidan Verbs end with either IRU or ERU if written in romaji and everything else is Godan (with only a small handful of exceptions). This is important due to the conjugation differences between the two. Unfortunately, Godan verbs are slightly harder to conjugate at first, but once you get the hang of it, it will feel much more natural.  

 

This is because Godan verbs conjugate along simple phonological rules, which make sense once you understand the conjugation tables. 

 

This would be a good time, however, to talk about the purpose behind conjugation. 

 

Just like how particles function as word and sentence modifiers, verbs take on different forms to convey different meanings. A good example of this in English would be like saying, “I am buying groceries,” and, “I need to buy groceries.” These are, at the core, the same verbs, but are conjugated to mean different things. Japanese verbs work the same way – modifying the conjugation of a verb changes the meaning. So, it’s very important to learn how to properly modify verbs to convey the meaning you desire to express. 

 

Luckily, Japanese is one of the easiest languages to conjugate. There are only 7 ‘bases’ that are used to connect to other parts of speech. We will go into this more tomorrow, so good luck with the vocabulary words. 

 

 


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Daily Vocabulary

The Verb Stem

 

When Japanese verbs are written, they are often written with both Kanji and Hiragana characters.

たべる = 食べる 

This is because the end of a word (the part written in Hiragana) changes when conjugated. This makes learning Japanese without a knowledge of Kanji somewhat tricky. Which is why we will refer to both the verb and the verb stem, which is the part that never changes. 

English 

  1. to become
  2. to sit
  3. to stand
  4. to work
  5. to speak
  6. to say
  7. to understand 
  8. to die
  9. to buy
  10. to sell
  11. to write
  12. to read
  13. to learn
  14. to hear
  15. to touch
  16. to hold
  17. to play
  18. to think
  19. to walk

Romaji 

  1. ni naru 
  2. suwaru 
  3. tateru 
  4. hataraku 
  5. hanasu 
  6. iu 
  7. wakaru  
  8. shinu 
  9. kau 
  10. uru 
  11. kaku 
  12. yomu
  13. manabu
  14. kiku 
  15. sawaru  
  16. motsu 
  17. asobu 
  18. kangaeru 
  19. aruku 

Hiragana 

  1. になる
  2. すわる
  3. たてる 
  4. はたらく 
  5. はなす
  6. いう
  7. わかる  
  8. しぬ
  9. かう
  10. うる
  11. かく
  12. よむ
  13. まなぶ
  14. きく
  15. さわる 
  16. もつ 
  17. あそぶ
  18. かんがえる
  19. あるく

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