Day Twenty Five: Adverbs

Adverbs – spicing up your verbs so you can really quickly fully master Japanese completely.

 

Now that you know how to use both types of adjectives, you can easily conjugate them into adverbs. However you must conjugate each of the two types differently. I-adjectives, when conjugated into adverbs, drop the very last い and replace it with a く. Na-adjectives, on the other hand, requires a に instead of a な between the adjective and verb. 

 

I-Adjectives: 

 

i => ku 

はやい=はやく (Quick = Quickly)

わるい=わるく (Bad=Badly)

かわいい=かわいく (Cute=Cutely)

 

Na Adjectives: 

 

Na => Ni 

げんきな=げんきに (Well/Healthy=Well/Healthily)

しずかな=しずかに (Quiet=Quietly)

へんな=へんに (Odd=Oddly)

  

Another important thing to remember is where to put your adverbs. They are typically used right before the verb they are modifying. 


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Daily Vocabulary

Stacking Adjectives. 

 

If you want to say someone is cute and funny, or rude and stressful you do something called “stacking” with adjectives. To stack na-adjectives you simply use と or や in between the two adjectives, as you would with nouns, to group them together. That is because, grammatically speaking, na-adjectives are very close to nouns – and some even function as nouns and adjectives like ゆうめい. However for i-adjectives you must first turn the first adjective into an adverb before you stack them together. 

No vocabulary words today! Please use this extra time to review and memorize any words that you are having trouble remembering.