Day Thirty: (No) Tame Ni
There’s no taming you! You’ve made it through!
Congratulations on making it through to the last day of the 30 Day Challenge!! This is your last day!! This one should be short and simple.
Today we are going to focus on (no) tame (ni)/(の)ため (に). (no) tame (ni)/(の)ため (に) indicates reason, benefit, sake, cause, or purpose for the thing that it follows. It is often translated to mean ‘for’, ‘in order to’, or ‘due to the fact that’.
Here are a few common constructions for (の)+ため+(に) way:
N の + ため + に V.
N の + ため + の N.
N の + ため + だ/です
V ため + (に)
の is used to connect a noun to ため. If connecting ため to a verb の is omitted.If connecting ため to another noun, the construction would be: の + ため + の. In the case of connecting ため to a verb the に particle would be used instead.
For the last vocab set of the 30 Day Challenge, we are going to go over vocabulary that are needed for any basic foundation of language learning – colors! While colors sound very rudimentary, there are a few things you should know about them before you using them in your Japanese. The first important point about colors is that they are different if you use them as a noun, an adjective, or as the color itself. For instance, you’ll see aka, the word for red, as aka, akai, and akairo depending on the circumstance. Aka is predominantly used when combined in other words, such as akashingo (a red light). However, when we want to describe something as being the color red, we add an い onto it to form an i-adjective, making it akai. This is perhaps the most common use. One way to say “your blushing” is “kao ga akai”, or “your face is red”, using akai with the i-adjective ending. In reference to the actual color, akairo is commonly used, aka being red and iro being the word for color. Ao, kuro and shiro follow this same pattern, however, some of the colors follow a different pattern. The second point to remember is that colors such as murasaki and midori don’t form i-adjectives, rather, they are only used as the noun/adjective form (murasaki and midori) or as the color murasakiiro and midoriiro. Lastly, some color words require iro to be included to distinctly refer to the color. Hai and cha mean ash and tea respetively, so they need iro attached to refer to the words grey and brown.
There are more color words and ways to describe color that we won’t go into today, but pay attention to the distinctive patterns for each color in order to use them correctly.
- akai (+ i for i-adjective)
- aoi (+ i for i-adjective)
- kiiro (+i for i-adjective)
- chairo (+i for i-adjective)
- kuro (+i for i-adjective)
- shiro (+i for i-adjective)
- あか (い for い-adjective)
- あお (い for い-adjective)
- きいろ (い for い-adjective)
- ちゃいろ (い for い-adjective)
- くろ (い for い-adjective)
- しろ (い for い-adjective)
Now that you have faced and completely crushed the Manga Sensei 30 Day Challenge you have a solid foundation in Japanese. You still have quite a bit to learn. There are Kanji, more grammar and vocabulary words to learn. But take a second and think at how much you have accomplished. With this knowledge you can learn this language and grow in it’s wonderful culture.
From John Sensei and everyone else at the Manga Sensei team: