This', 'That', 'That other thing', and 'what thing are you talking about?'Being able to refer to things, directions and unknowns is a major part of learning any language. That's why we have created a handy-dandy cheat-sheet for when you don't know which word fits in.
こ – Close to speaker, This etc. Referring to something the speaker knows.
そ – Close to Listener, That etc. Referring to something the listener knowns.
あ – Removed from both the speaker and the listener. 3rd party or S/o or S/t else.
ど – A question prefix.
The most difficult part is getting a handle on the 'あ'. which is neither the listener or the speaker.
ここ – Here (Close to the speaker)
そこ – There
どこ – Where?
あそこ – Removed from both the speaker and the listener; “over there.”
ここはどこですか。Where is here? (IE: Where am I?)
こちら – This way
そちら – That way
あちら – That way
どちら – Which way?
Which way did the rabbit go? “うさぎはどちらへいきましたか。”
こんな – This type/kind
そんな – That type/kind
あんな – That other type/kind
どんな – Which type/kind?
You like that type of Ice-cream?! そんなアイスクリームが好きなの。
こう – In this fashion
そう – In that fashion
ああ – In a fashion
どう – In what fashion?
How is it (you?)
これ – This [one] (referring to an object)
それ – That [one]
あれ – That [one] (referring to an object removed from both the speaker and listener.)
どれ – What?
この – This
その – That
あの – That (referring to an object removed from both the speaker and listener.)
どの – What?
That time (referring to a time that both speakers may or may not know; like the time of the samurai or third grade.)あの時は…
The difference between the demonstrative pronoun and adjective is that is being described. The Pronoun is a thing in of itself. The Adjective on the other hand is describing something, which means s/t need to follow it.Pronoun: This (referring to a cat)Adjective: This cat. (cat must be mentioned)
*っち/っちら – Both have the same meaning, but the former is more polite.
Here is a handy little chart that might help. Also No Vocab today. 😉