Day Twenty: No

The Relationship Indicator 


No/の. This is a useful and easy to use particle. Basically の connects things together and shows relationship. 


の is used to indicate ownership and relationship, whether direct or abstract, between nouns. This is similar to the apostrophe s ('s) in English (possessives). In a more technical sense, の is described as: a Particle that forms a modified phrase by combining two nouns or phrases. Which simply means: の connects nouns or phrases together along one modified noun or phrase. 


の can also stack with other particles. When used before other particles the meaning will change. However, when used after another particle it maintains its meaning. Here's a simple list of examples to give you a good idea of the many uses of の: 


A possesses B. 

ジョーダン の じてんしゃ

Jordan's Bike 


A is a specific type of B. 

ホンダ の くるま

Honda Car 


A made B. 

サラ の サンドウィッチ

Sara's Sandwich 


A is made of B. 

もくざい の ふね

Wooden Ship 


B of A. 

にほん の たいし

Ambassador of Japan 



*AのBのC の… This is 100% kosher. 



Daily Vocabulary

Stacking Particles 


Be careful stacking particle together because they can end up meaning different things. For example. When you combine の+で you get the first form of “because” in Japanese. This form of node however is not like “because” in English. 


Node is perhaps the simplest way to express reason (because), however, it cannot be used to express an opinion, suggestion, or something that is subjective and not a simple or straightforward fact.


[Reason] ので [Result]


  1. society
  2. feeling
  3. first
  4. last
  5. world 
  6. aunt
  7. uncle
  8. table
  9. president
  10. boss
  11. upperclassman
  12. lowerclassman
  13. student
  14. college student
  15. acquaintance 
  16. office
  17. foreigner
  18. toy
  19. graduate
  20. uniform 
  1. shakai
  2. kimochi
  3. saisho
  4. saigo
  5. sekai
  6. obasan
  7. ojisan
  8. te-buru
  9. daitouryou
  10. joushi
  11. senpai
  12. kohai
  13. gakusei
  14. daigakusei
  15. shiriai
  16. jimusho
  17. gaikokujin/gaijin
  18. omocha
  19. sotsugyou
  20. seifuku 
  1. しゃかい
  2. きもち
  3. さいしょ
  4. さいご
  5. せかい
  6. おばさん
  7. おじさん
  8. テーブル
  9. だいとうりょう
  10. じょうし
  11. せんぱい
  12. こうはい
  13. がくせい
  14. だいがくせい
  15. しりあい
  16. じむしょ
  17. がいこくじん/がいじん
  18. おもちゃ
  19. そつぎょう
  20. せいふく 

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